Meta-analysis is a procedure for drawing definitive conclusions from large bodies of research studies. A meta-analysis of all available physiological research on the Transcendental Meditation program found that the practice of this technique produces a state of deep rest compared to control conditions, as measured by reduced respiration rate, reduced basal skin conductance (increased skin resistance), and reduced plasma lactate. Reference: American Psychologist 42: 879–881, 1987.
Patients with high blood pressure who learned the Transcendental Meditation program showed a significant reduction of systolic and diastolic blood pressure after three months, in contrast to those randomly assigned to a control technique or to those who received health education on how to reduce blood pressure through diet and exercise. Reference: Hypertension 26: 820–827, 1995.
Those who had been regularly practicing the Transcendental Meditation program showed younger biological age, with a greater reduction in biological age the longer they had been participating in the program. Reference: International Journal of Neuroscience 16: 53–58, 1982.
A study of patients seeking treatment for post-traumatic stress problems found that those who learned the Transcendental Meditation program showed significant reduction in insomnia after four months, in contrast to those randomly assigned to receive psychotherapy. Reference: Journal of Counseling and Development 64: 212–215, 1985.
Subjects with high cholesterol practicing the Transcendental Meditation technique showed a significant reduction in cholesterol levels when compared to a control group. There were no changes in diet. Reference: Journal of Human Stress 5: 24-27, 1979.
A study of medical utilization and expenditures found that those who participated in the Maharishi Consciousness-Based Health CareSM program, which includes practice of the Transcendental Meditation program, showed greatly reduced hospital stays, outpatient hospital visits, and overall medical expenditures in comparison to norms. Reference: The American Journal of Managed Care 3: 135–144, 1997.
Participants in the Transcendental Meditation program, in contrast to the average of all other insured persons, showed a significant reduction in outpatient doctor visits that was even more pronounced among participants who were older, as indicated by analysis of five years of medical insurance data. Reference: Psychosomatic Medicine 49: 493–507, 1987.
A meta-analysis of all research studies on the Transcendental Meditation program related to cigarette smoking, in comparison to meta-analyses of standard treatment and prevention programs for smoking, found a significantly greater reduction of cigarette use among those who learned the Transcendental Meditation program, even though this program does not involve any guidance about change in lifestyle or habits. Reference: Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 11: 13–87, 1994.
A meta-analysis of all research studies on the Transcendental Meditation program related to alcohol use, in comparison to meta-analyses of standard alcohol treatment and prevention programs, found a significantly greater reduction of alcohol use among those who learned the Transcendental Meditation program, even though this program does not involve any guidance about change in lifestyle or habits. Reference: Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 11: 13–87, 1994.
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